Norwegian Civil Resistance of the Nazi Occupation: 1940-1945

By Kourtney Juhl Minnesota State University, Mankato After finally gaining independence in 1905,[1] Norway had been a nation intent on building a national identity and relishing their freedom. The Norwegian Kingdom had successfully lived in peace, maintained neutrality through World War I, and hoped to remain neutral from the great conflict that was World War II (WWII). To the Norwegians’ utter shock, those hopes came to a shattering end during the early hours of April 9, 1940, when German forces…

Read More
Norsk Folkehjelp Norwegian People's Aid from Norway [CC BY 2.0 (]

The Humanitarian Superpower Myth: Norwegian shortcomings in response to the refugee crisis

By Siri Block St. Olaf College I. Introduction Norway has long been established as a nation of peace; they award the Nobel Peace prize, settle conflicts between feuding nations, and act as a social progressive model for Western Europe. Despite its status as a philanthropic global leader, Norway has recently received criticism for strict immigration laws and failure to offer sufficient support in response to the refugee crisis. Why is Norway, a so-called “humanitarian superpower,” falling short in their duties…

Read More

Handshake That Made History

By Ellen Ahlness Minnesota State University, Mankato During the 2013 annual reciprocal troop exchange between Norway’s Heimevernet Home Guard and the Minnesota National Guard at Camp Ripley, Minnesota, Norwegian General Kristin Lund addressed her fellow officers with the adage, “If you stop visiting your friends, they stop being your friends.” In Scandinavian culture, maintaining connections with friends is a premier value, especially when there is a national attitude towards a “culture of closing off those outside your circle of connections.”1Biehtar…

Read More